Saint Jean De Maurienne Agreement

Under its conditions, France would be allocated the Adana region, while Italy would receive the rest of South-West Anatolia, including Izmir (Smyrna). The agreement was approved (August 18 to September 26, 1917) by the three powers, subject to the agreement of Russia, which was not represented in Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne because of the collapse of the tsarist regime. The Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne agreement was an agreement between France, Italy and the United Kingdom, signed in Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne on 26 April 1917 and approved from 18 August to 26 September 1917. It was conceived by the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs as an interim agreement for the payment of its interest from the country. It was negotiated and signed mainly by Italian Foreign Minister Sidney Sonnino, as well as the Prime Ministers of Italy, The United States, Britain and France. Russia was not represented in this agreement because the Tsarist regime was in the midst of a fall (see Russian Revolution of 1917). The agreement was necessary by the allies to secure the position of Italian forces in the Middle East. The aim was to compensate for the loss of military power in the Middle Eastern Theatre of the First World War, when Russian (tsarist) troops left the Caucasus countryside, although they were replaced by the so-called Democratic Republic of the Armenian Armed Forces. The war was not yet won, but the Allies agreed on a division of the post-war Ottoman Empire. Constantinople and the Strait were promised to Russia, while the Sykes-Picot agreement dismembered the Middle East between Britain and France. It was an interim agreement for the payment of the country`s interest, in particular Article 9 of the Treaty of London (1915). The agreement was necessary by the allies to secure the position of Italian forces in the Middle East. The aim was to compensate for the loss of military power in the Middle Eastern Theatre of the First World War, when Russian (tsarist) troops left the Caucasus countryside, although they were replaced by the so-called Democratic Republic of the Armenian Armed Forces.

[2] Russia was not represented in this agreement because the Tsarist regime was in the midst of a fall (see Russian Revolution of 1917). However, the lack of Russian approval of the Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne agreement was used by the British at the 1919 Paris Peace Conference to invalidate it, a position that greatly outraged the Italian government. [3] Under its conditions, France would be allocated the Adana region, while Italy would receive the rest of South-West Anatolia, including Izmir (Smyrna). In 1919, Greek Prime Minister Eleutherios Venizélos, in obtaining the authorization of the Paris peace conference for Greece to occupy Izmir, highlighted the provisions of the agreement despite Italian opposition. Representatives of Great Britain, France, Russia and Italy met in London in 1915 to sign an agreement for Italy`s entry into World War I. Italy`s share of the Middle East remained uncertain; The agreement stated that in the event of the division of the Ottoman Empire, Italy should receive a “fair share” in the Antalya district.

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